FEDERAL REG

SOR/2016-265: Indian Bands Council Elections Order (Flying Dust) — Order Amending Indian Act

REGISTRATION OF FEDERAL REGULATION - VIA PART II OF THE GAZETTE

Registered
October 1, 2016


REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT (This statement is not part of the orders.) Issues The council of the Flying Dust First Nation, in Saskatchewan, governed by the Indian Act, adopted a resolution on July 4, 2016, requesting that the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development add the name of the First Nation to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act, and fix the date of its fi... (Click for more)


House

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Senate

1st Reading 2nd Reading 3rd Reading

Published on October 1, 2016

Bill Summary

SOR/2016-265: Indian Bands Council Elections Order (Flying Dust) — Order Amending Indian Act

REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT (This statement is not part of the orders.) Issues The council of the Flying Dust First Nation, in Saskatchewan, governed by the Indian Act, adopted a resolution on July 4, 2016, requesting that the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development add the name of the First Nation to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act, and fix the date of its first election under this Act at December 5, 2016. A First Nation that holds its elections under the Indian Act and that is seeking a change to its electoral system by opting into the First Nations Elections Act must be concurrently removed from the Indian Bands Council Elections Order, made under the Indian Act, and added to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act. Background Subsection 74(1) of the Indian Act provides authority for the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to make an order providing that the council of a band shall be selected by elections to be held in accordance with the Indian Act. First Nations for which such an order has been made appear on the Indian Bands Council Elections Order. Section 3 of the First Nations Elections Act provides authority for the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to make an order to add the name of a First Nation to the schedule to the Act, after which the council of that First Nation shall be selected by elections held in accordance with the First Nations Elections Act. On May 30, 1962, an order was made, under section 74 of the Indian Act, for the council of the Flying Dust First Nation (known at the time as Meadow Lake Band) to be selected by elections to be held in accordance with the Indian Act. The name of the First Nation appears on Schedule I to the Indian Bands Council Elections Order. On July 4, 2016, the council of the Flying Dust First Nation adopted a resolution asking the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to add the name of the First Nation to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act so that the elections of its chief and councillors can be held under that Act. Objective By virtue of two orders respectively made under subsection 74(1) of the Indian Act and section 3 of the First Nations Elections Act by the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, the name of the Flying Dust First Nation is removed from Schedule I of the Indian Bands Council Elections Order, thereby terminating the application of the election provisions of the Indian Act for the First Nation; and added to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act, thereby confirming the participation of the First Nation under the Act. By choosing to hold its elections under the First Nations Elections Act, the Flying Dust First Nation will especially benefit from its band council having a four-year term of office, and from election rules that offer a shorter election period, a robust process for the distribution of mail-in ballots and for the nomination of candidates, and the ability to hold advance polling stations to increase voter participation and reduce dependency on mail-in ballots. The cost of elections will also be reduced primarily due to elections being held every four years instead of every two years. The Flying Dust First Nation’s leaders elected under the First Nations Elections Act and the First Nations Elections Regulations will be better positioned to make solid business investments, carry out long-term planning and build relationships, leading to increased economic development and job creation for the community. Description The Order Amending the Indian Bands Council Elections Order (Flying Dust), made pursuant to subsection 74(1) of the Indian Act, removes the application of the election provisions of the Indian Act for the Flying Dust First Nation. The Order Amending the Schedule to the First Nations Elections Act (Flying Dust), made pursuant to section 3 of the First Nations Elections Act, adds the Flying Dust First Nation as a participating First Nation under the Act and fixes the date of the first election of the council at December 5, 2016. “One-for-One” Rule The “One-for-One” Rule does not apply to these orders, as they do not result in any administrative costs or savings to business. Small business lens The small business lens does not apply to these orders, as they do not result in any costs for small business. Consultation Given that opting into the First Nations Elections Act is made at the request of a First Nation, it is not considered necessary to undertake consultations over and above those already conducted by the Flying Dust First Nation with its members. The council of the Flying Dust First Nation has indicated that a consultation and engagement exercise was undertaken with community members during the months of April and May 2015 to consider the adoption of the First Nations Elections Act for the election of its chief and councillors. Rationale The name of the Flying Dust First Nation is being removed from Schedule I of the Indian Bands Council Elections Order pursuant to the Indian Act and is being added to the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act at the request of the council of the First Nation, which believes that the First Nations Elections Act presents a better electoral option for the First Nation that will benefit the community. Implementation, enforcement and service standards There are no compliance and enforcement requirements and no implementation or ongoing costs which can be directly associated with terminating the application of the election provisions of the Indian Act and amending the schedule to the First Nations Elections Act for the Flying Dust First Nation. In compliance with the First Nations Elections Act and the First Nations Elections Regulations, the conduct of elections and disputes arising from them are the responsibility of the Flying Dust First Nation and the electoral officer appointed by the First Nation. However, the Act provides that an election can be contested by application to a federal or provincial court. The offences and penalties provided in the Act — which are enforced by local law enforcement and prosecuted by the Public Prosecution Service of Canada — will deter questionable election activities, such as vote buying, bribery and voter intimidation. Under the Act, the courts are able to impose fines and terms of imprisonment on persons found guilty of an offence. Contact Marc Boivin Director Governance Policy and Implementation Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada 10 Wellington Street, 8th Floor Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0H4 Telephone: 819-994-6735 Fax: 819-953-3855 Email: [email protected] Footnote a R.S., c. I-5 Footnote b S.C. 2014, c. 5 Footnote c R.S., c. I-5 Footnote d R.S., c. I-5 Footnote 1 SOR/97-138

This Bill does not amend any statutes.

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